Niklas Helwig is a TAPIR fellow at the Center for Transatlantic Relations at Johns Hopkins University. He is an expert on German and EU foreign and security policy. Prior to joining CTR, he was a Senior Research Fellow at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs in Helsinki, where he edited the book ‘Europe’s New Political Engine: Germany’s role in the EU’s foreign and Security Policy’. Niklas was also a Visiting Researcher at the Centre for European Policy Studies in Brussels. He researched and taught at the University of Cologne and the University of Edinburgh, from where he received a double Ph.D. (‘co-tutelle’) for his dissertation on the EU High Representative. Niklas was a Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher in the Initial Training Network on EU external action (EXACT). He wrote extensively for think tanks, online blogs and academic journals, including for European Foreign Affairs Review, The International Spectator, EurActiv and Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft.